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What you need to know on your Dental Care and those in need of care: written by Abdulrafiu Ayansola cognomen Maxfax.

 What you need to know on your Dental Care and those in need of care: written by Abdulrafiu Ayansola cognomen Maxfax.

 

Dental care for those in need of care: this is how it works;-

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All good dental care follows a similar pattern. It doesn’t matter whether you instruct your relatives in need of care or take over the entire dental care for them. Please note the following three basic rules:

-Clean the insides of the teeth.

-Clean the outside of the teeth.

-Clean the chewing surfaces.

What if your loved one closes their mouth and finds cleaning uncomfortable or even threatening? Then do not try to carry out the dental care anyway, but talk calmly with your relative about the need for dental care. If he is not willing, get practical tips from your dentist.

The person in need of care should be able to decide for themselves which toothpaste, mouthwash or dental floss is used, or the treating dentist should recommend it.

-Oral care and dental care for those in need of care;- In addition to personal hygiene and personal hygiene for those in need of care, oral and dental care is also part of everyday care. If elderly, disabled or people in need of care cannot move their arms and hands enough or simply forget to brush their teeth, this task is also assigned to caring relatives or professional caregivers.

Good oral and dental health contributes to general health and prevents bacterial growth and inflammation.

Scientists suspect a connection between inflammation of the mouth and diseases such asHeart attack, pneumonia or stroke. Bacteria can easily be flushed from the oral cavity to other organs through the bloodstream – and this can sometimes have fatal consequences.

A lack of dental care increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.A South Korean study suggests that people who brush their teeth less than twice a day have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease.

 

Oral care in home care:-

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Many people in need of care who are cared for at home suffer from diseases such as; _diabetes mellitus, dementia ,cardiovascular diseases ,stroke and Parkinson’s._

Exactly these typical ones-diseases in old age can also affect oral health. Diabetes is a risk factor for periodontitis(inflammation of the periodontium), dementia may limit the understanding of how to brush your teeth and medication for cardiovascular diseases can reduce the flow of saliva. A stroke can limit mobility and cause swallowing disorders (dysphagia) trigger – just like in Parkinson’s. Medications can also have a negative impact on oral health, for example by causing dry mouth.

Good oral health is important because the most common oral diseases can be prevented with good prophylaxis (prevention):

_Gingivitis _= inflammation of the gums (transmitted by bacteria, viruses or fungi)

_Glossitis _= inflammation of the tongue (often occurs together with gingivitis)

_Stomatitis _= inflammation of the oral mucosa (often occurs together with gingivitis)

_Periodontitis _= inflammation of the gums (often caused by poor dental hygiene)

_Oral thrush _= fungal infection of the oral mucosa (often in older people, due to a weaker immune system, prostheses or insufficient fluid intake)

_Rhagades _= tears at the corners of the mouth/nose or on the tongue (due to dry mucous membranes, possibly vitamin and mineral deficiencies)

 

Instructions & Tips: Oral care for those in need of care:-

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Poor oral health need of care has many causes – the tips for more oral health, on the other hand, are listed quickly:

Cleaning: Clean the teeth and interdental spaces of your dependent relative twice a day. Pay attention to possible injuries in the mouth and coatings on the tongue. Also clean your loved one’s prosthesis regularly, especially after meals.

Care products: Use mild toothpaste that does not irritate the mucous membrane and rather use a soft toothbrush. This reduces the risk of injury to the gums. Replace your loved one’s toothbrush regularly, too. The recommendation is: every two months or immediately after an infection or cold.

Check-ups: Take your relatives who need care to the dentist for regular check-ups.

Professional teeth cleaning: Arrange regular appointments for professional teeth cleaning for your relatives. For example, experts recommend professional teeth cleaning every three months for stroke patients.

Fluid intake: Ensure a good flow of saliva, for example by giving your loved one sugar-free sweets from time to time and making sure that you drink enough fluids.

Mouthwash: In the case of mild inflammation, teas are also suitable for mouthwash (calendula, sage or thyme).

Avoid alcohol and cigarettes: Avoiding alcohol and cigarettes also improves oral health. If the oral mucosa is already sensitive, foods such as nuts should be avoided.We recommend, for example, frozen pieces of pineapple to suck on. Pineapple has an anti-inflammatory and decongestant effect.

Familiarize your child with the correct brushing technique from the start;

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The KAI system, which children as young as three or four can do well themselves, has proven itself.The right brushing technique – easy as pie.

To ensure that no tooth surfaces are forgotten when brushing, KAI means always brushing the teeth in the same order:

K = occlusal surfaces. First, all chewing surfaces are cleaned with short back and forth movements.

A = exterior surfaces. Then the outer surfaces are cleaned with circular movements. The teeth lie on top of each other and brushing is done from the middle to the right and to the left.

I = interior surfaces. Finally, the inner surfaces are cleaned with small circles or rotary movements “from red to white”, i.e. from the gums to the teeth.

If possible, teeth should be brushed after meals, especially after eating sweets – but at least twice a day from around the age of one: after breakfast and before going to bed. You should wait about half an hour before brushing your teeth after consuming acidic food or drinks. However, you should regularly brush your teeth again from all sides especially in the evenings.

When choosing a toothbrush, pay particular attention to: The toothbrush should have a thick, non-slip handle so that your child can hold it firmly and guide it in a targeted manner.

The brush head should be short (under an inch) and preferably made up of many individual tufts of bristles with rounded bristles.

Plastic toothbrushes are much better suited than natural bristles because bacteria do not accumulate in them as quickly. After brushing your teeth, the brush should be rinsed well and placed in the toothbrush cup with the brush head up to dry. It is generally recommended to replace toothbrushes every two to three months.

It is good if the use of dental floss is also part of the daily dental  care ritual as soon as your child is big enough.

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