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S. Africa
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ABORTION – Causes And Effects Of Abortion


An abortion is a procedure to end a pregnancy.

It’s also sometimes known as a termination of pregnancy.

The pregnancy is ended either by taking medicines or having a surgical procedure.

Abortions are legal throughout much of the world, but laws vary.

61 countries, including much of Europe, allow abortions without any restrictions.

26 countries ban abortions altogether, with no exceptions.

The remaining countries allow abortions with restrictions, such as to save the mother’s life or protect her health.

Abortion is legal in the United States during the first and second trimesters of pregnancy. Most abortions are done during the first trimester of pregnancy. The first trimester refers to the first 12 weeks of pregnancy.

Some states allow abortions until the 24th week, which is at the very end of the second trimester. Others prohibit it after 20 weeks.

Third-trimester abortions are often done only if the mother’s or the baby’s life is in danger.

         Common Side Effects

Most women experience some of the following after an abortion:

Bleeding – on average bleeding lasts 14 days, but can last as long as 21 days. 1,2





These symptoms typically resolve within a week, sometimes longer.

       Immediate Complications

•Damage to the womb or cervix

•Excessive bleeding

•Incomplete abortion, requiring a (additional) surgical abortion procedure

•Infection of the uterus or fallopian tubes

•Scarring of the inside of the uterus

•Sepsis or Septic shock

•Uterine perforation



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